POLYGAMY AND THE CRISIS OF THE BLACK FAMILY AND THE BLACK WOMAN BY LEE TYLER

THE CRISIS IN THE BLACK FAMILY: EXTREMELY INDEPENDENT
SINGLE MOTHERS, ABSENT OR INADEQUATE MALES, and the
PLIGHT OF THE SINGLE AFROAM WOMAN WHO WANTS TO MARRY.
COPYRIGHT (c) JANUARY 14, 1995 All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 01/14/’95; 01/12/96 (Revised)
This file, in its entirety, may be posted on or copied off of
computer networks like Internet or WWW by anyone so
inclined as long as it isn’t changed.
By Lee Tyler P.O. Box 620763, SanDiego, CA 92162-0763
P.O.Box 734, El Centro, CA 92244
oldservant8@yahoo.com Jabez1Chr4@aol.com

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!MY EXPERIENCE
She is black, dark brown, dark reddish brown—so many
delicious shades. Her skin looks like the richest of soils
and I wonder, “Is she Mother Earth?” I love to see my
white hand on her lovely skin. She moves gracefully with
strength and purpose in her steps, unaware of her awesome
beauty. She turns and looks me in the eye and then
suddenly smiles so radiantly I almost lose my breath. How I
love her eyes and her mouth, filled with kindness and
gentleness—-from which I never need fear hurt or unkindness. She
laughs and it sounds like music. We touch and my heart
soars. We embrace and I put my lips on her delicious skin.
As the Sun shines on her clean, soft and oiled skin I’m
fascinated by the tiny tints of red, orange, yellow and all
the browns that twinkle up at me. She is sooooo soft and
firm, so full of life! We look into each others eyes, hers
sparkling—-we look long and deep—and then a cloud of uncertainty,
self-doubt, personal fears, and haunting memories moves
across her face and the lovely pools of her eyes are
troubled.

I kiss her passionately and hold her ever so close, wishing I
could pull right into my heart and soul. I look again and the
cloud has passed and her face is radiant. We two as one set
out together to face and deal with our world. She lives and
is loved in the deepest depths of my soul and my mind is
filled with wonderful memories of her and us—and my
heart rejoices.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
SOLOMON’S EXPERIENCE He “white and ruddy” ————-
Song 5: 10 My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten
thousand.
——-[with hair as black as the raven/crow], ————-
Song 5:11 His head is as the finest gold; His locks are flowing,
black as the raven;
———- [and she as black as his hair and the raven/crow.]
Song 1:5 I am black , but comely, daughters of Jerusalem, As
the tents of Kedar, As the curtains of Solomon.

Song of Solomon
1:1* ¶ The song of songs, which is Solomon’s.

[ The Black Shulamite to her friends]
2. He should kiss me with the kisses of his mouth;

[The Black Shulamite to King Solomon]
For your lovemaking is better than wine.
Your ointments smell sweetly;
Your name is an ointment poured forth:
Therefore do the virgins love you.
4. Draw me [to you],

[Her friends, the Daughters of Jerusalem ]
–we will run after you!

[The Shulamite to her friends]
The king has brought me into his chambers*—

[Solomon’s concubines/wives to Solomon]
-We will be glad and rejoice in you,
We will remember* your* lovemaking more than wine.

[ The Shulamite to Solomon]
They love you uprightly.*
5 I am black [as the raven*] , but comely, daughters of
Jerusalem,
As the tents of Kedar,
As the curtains of Solomon.
6* Look not upon me, because I am black [as the raven*];
Because the sun has looked upon me.
My mother’s children were angry with me:
They made me keeper of the vineyards;
Mine own vineyard have I not kept.
7* ¶ Tell me, you whom my soul loves,
Where you feed [your flock],
Where you make it to rest at noon;
For why should I be as one veiled
Beside the flocks of your companions?

[ Solomon,the shepherd lover ]
8* If you know not, you fairest among women,
Go out your way by the footsteps of the flock,
And feed your kids* beside the shepherds’ booths.

[The Shulamite]
12* ¶ While the king is at* his table,
My spikenard sends forth its fragrance.
13* A bundle of myrrh is my beloved unto me;
He* shall pass the night between my breasts.
14 My beloved is unto me a cluster of henna-flowers
In the vineyards of Engedi.

[ Solomon]
15* Behold, you are fair, my loving friend;
Behold, you are fair: your* eyes are [as] doves.

[The Shulamite ]
16* Behold, you are fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant;

[Solomon]
2:2* As the lily among thorns,
So is my loving friend among the daughters.

[The Shulamite ]
3* ¶ As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood,
So is my beloved among the sons:
In his shadow* have I [ecstatic] rapture* and sit down;
And his fruit is sweet to my taste.

[The Shulamite to her friends, the Daughters
of Jerusalem]
4* He has brought me to the banqueting house*,
And his banner over me is [affectionate] love*.
5* Sustain me with raisin-cakes,
Refresh me with apples;
For I am weak* from [affectionate] love*.
6 His left hand is under my head,
And his right hand embraces me.
7* I charge you, daughters of Jerusalem,
By the gazelles, or by the hinds of the field,
That you stir not up, nor awake [romantic] love*,
Till it* please.

SO WHAT IS THE WORLD LIKE TODAY IN WHICH
SUCH BLACK BEAUTIES FIND THEMSELVES?

It was 1995 and the Black women living in Bosnia,
Rawanda, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and in Black
inner city ghettos are all facing the same critical shortage
of
marriagable males in a patriarchal society where most of
them want no part of lesbianism. In 1990, it was found that
33% of all black males aged 20 – 29 were either incarcerated,
on parole, or on probation.>1a. I got more information
from a local newspaper>1b. 1.) Approximately 1 out of
every 25 black males is in prison; 2.) Between prison and
death, there are significantly more Black females available
for marriage than Black males; 3.) The vast majority of the
Black males in prison range in age from 20 – 40, with most in
the 25-35 age group; 4.) Most of the imprisoned Black males
will return to prison. Just this week (12/1/∂95) it was on
national TV news and in the local paper that 6.8% of all
Black males are in prison. This means a very significant
number of Black males are unavailable for marriage or
parenting their children during the normally most
productive years (20-40) due to imprisonment or death.
Perhaps that is why only 30% of married Black females
have their spouse present in their homes, half the
Caucasian/white rate (57%); while 9% of the married Black
females have spouses that are absent from the home (four
times the Caucasian/White 2% rate); and 39% of the Black
females never married >1c.
[Footnote: >1a The San Diego Union-Tribune, 10/5/’95,
page A-5, quoting from The Center on Juvenile and
Criminal Justice in San Francisco. >1b Parade 8/13/’95;
Parade Publications, 711 Third Ave., NY NY 10017. >1c
Census Bureau/World Almanac. ]

One out of every thousand Black people is dying of
AIDS>1d making it the number one killer of Blacks in
America. The AIDS virus is currently responsible for
approximately on third of all deaths of all deaths of Black
men aged 25 to 44, and for approximately one fifth of
deaths of Black females aged 25 to 44, according to the
CDC.>1e In terms of numbers that means a death rate of
177.9 deaths per 100,000 Black men (18 per 10,000; 2 per
1000), and a death rate of 51.2 deaths per 100,000 Black
females (5 per 10,000; one per 1000).>1e That means
approximately 30,000 Blacks will be dying each year from
HIV/AIDS, a horrendous slaughter far worse than Viet
Nam or WWII! Condoms fail 30% of the time [see the book
by Doctor Lorraine Day, MD], and then on stationary
artificial genitals according to federal test results, so
they
give very little protection. But when you add crack or speed
or other mind altering drugs to the equation, so the users
can∂t even think straight to appraise their risk or use them
carefully and correctly, then condoms can∂t even give their
miserable little 60% protection. One official in the AIDS
office of the County Health Dept. told me that condoms
have a documented 17% user-failure-rate (failed to protect
the user). And the AIDS rolls on through the urban Black
communities like the plague.
[Footnote: >.1d San Diego Union Tribune, ll/25/’95 page A-
8, quoting the US Center Disease for Control and
Prevention. >1e Associated Press in the San Diego Union
2/16/96]

The second major killer of Blacks in America, especially the
males, is Black-on-Black homicide. The third major killer of
blacks in America today is abortion, where almost as many
Black babies are being killed/aborted as are being born.
According to Beverly LaHaye of Concerned Women for
America, the original founder of Planned Parenthood had as
her original purpose the use of government funded abortion
to keep the minority populations small, especially the Black
population.

The Black population in America has increased very little in
the last twenty years, one % in twenty years, to the delight
of the bigots. Tragically all of the facts cited above
(AIDS, Gangs, drugs, abortion) mean that Blacks are killing more
Blacks per year now than the number of Blacks killed by
Caucasian bigots and the KKK during any one year from
1800 to 1940, to the delight of the bigots. In 1880,
according to the census bureau, Blacks accounted for 13.1% of the total
population, whereas today Blacks account only for 12.5% of
the total population. One hundred ten years later and the
Black community has not yet recovered from the 1880∂s
13.1% (of the total USA pop.) drop to the 1895∂s 9.5% (of the
total USA pop.) that lynchings, Jim Crow, and Western-
Canadian-Mexican migrations caused in the Black
community. More than a fourth of the Black population just
dropped off the census charts during that time and the Black
community has never made it back up to 13.1% of the total
USA population. Not much chance given the present
circumstances.

This means a very significant number of Black males are
unavailable for marriage or parenting their children during
the normally most productive years (20-40) due to
imprisonment or death. This results in significantly more
Black females than males being available for marriage and
parenting children, many of whom are single parents
raising a family without a present or stable father figure.
According to the Census Bureau and Focus on the Family
radio program, 39% of Black women never marry, and 46%
of Black men never marry>.1f On 11/26/’95, Focus on the
Family’s Michelle said that the Essence magazine gave the
figure of 40% of Black women never marrying>.1f. We still
live in a racist society 20 years after the death of
M.L.King.
Black females are not sought for as wives by a significant
number of Black males and non-Black males in America.
[Footnote: >.1f Focus on the Family (American On Line) ]

This leaves a significant number of marriagable Black
females with no suitable male to marry and help raise their
children. Normal young, Black females with affectionate
and passionate needs do not have enough suitable and
marriageable males for monogynous marriages so that
leaves neurotic frustration, celibacy, promiscuity,
lesbianism or bisexuality for many Black women. Through
ignorance, bigotry, fear of society, and bad taste the
wonderful grace, beauty, deliciousness, elegance, wit,
strength, charm and intelligence of most Black women is
NOT appropriately esteemed or appreciated by most American
males, so you do not find most white, Hispanic, Asian or
Jewish males seeking Black women as wives.

Most white, Hispanic, Asian or Jewish males would seek
white, or Hispanic, or Asian, or Jewish wives before they
would consider seeking a Black wife. Black women are, for
the society as a whole, seen a lovers and sex objects far
more than they are seen as wives and mothers. A saying in
the white community about Black Americans is, “Look,
dream, or fantasize but DON’T TOUCH! If you touch,
DON’T MARRY! Take them to bed but never bring one
home for dinner!” It hasn’t changed much since slavery.
The Black woman interested in marrying has a 40% chance
of never marrying, and the older they get, the more children
they have, the deeper their poverty, the less chance they
have of ever marrying.

Many single Black mother on welfare would rather have
her own independent welfare income with independence
from males, rather than have a man around who could
mess up her dependable welfare check. Lastly, many single
Black mothers never learned at home or in the community
how fragile the male ego is, and the last thing they want to
do is to show a Black male honor and respect as the man of
the their house. Many Black mothers, bitter and resentful
towards the men in their lives who they feel have wronged
them, with barbed tongues shred the souls of their men,
dominate them, belittle them etc. Of course the verbally
inferior Black male responds to her superior verbal violence
with his superior physical and inferior verbal violence.

What about that whole generation who grew up without a
positive and nurturing dad? They saw that their mother’s
men were transients without any lasting commitment to
them or their mother. They learned that men were not,
therefore are not, necessary to raising a family—-or at
least to surviving as a family. Many single mothers are so
bitter against the men who they feel have wronged or failed
them that the proclaim “Men! Who needs them!” and their
sons hear them and learn that men are not necessary, at
least not to women and mothers. They grow into men who
believe that they are not necessary to the women in their
lives and act accordingly, some even turning from women
to men to feel needed and desired, homosexuality.

Mothers are supposed to be natural nurturers, comforters
and supporters of their male children, but many single Black
mothers, filled with bitterness and resentment at the men in
their lives who have wronged them, dump this frustration
and rage on their sons using their superior verbal skills to
intimidate and guilt trip them when their sons are small,
and then bruise and batter their souls/egos when they are
big in their teens. So many of these women, frustrated and
irritated with their sons, day-in and day-out stay locked
into this angry mode and rarely if ever hug their sons, look
them in their eyes smiling and say “Son, I love you!” with a
big warm and long hug. They seem to be afraid that if they do this it will be taken as a sign of weakness and make it harder for them to control this
little man of theirs. Their sons grow up into men who feel
unloved with no real reason to live, and/or unloved by
women so when men offer them love and acceptance that
they need so desperately, they accept it in homosexuality.

Many learned from their single mothers that sex outside of
marriage is the norm——that personal freedom and love-
without-commitment is better than love with commitment
to and responsibility for a marital relationship. So what
role model did they have? The uncommitted, irresponsible,
selfish, self-centered transient lover-boys that many of
their mothers accepted. What motivation would such a male
have to feel morally and financially responsible for his
women or his children? Little to none. Is there any hope?

Some suggest finding support groups (churches,
fellowships, 12 step etc.) to help the single parent cope,
and for some that works so they can carry on a meaningful life.
Some find significant help from counselors. Some take
James Dobson’s advice by single mothers finding acceptable
male role models for their sons, or by single fathers finding
acceptable female role models for their daughters. Some of
these role models can be found on a volunteer or token pay
basis through one’s extended family, one’s church, one’s
support groups, local schools or etc. But these substitutes
lack the sense of permanent commitment, “I’m here for you
for life”, that real parents can give.

There is another substitute, another option. Two single moms
who also are the best and dearest of friends (Women are so
much better than men at building successful relationships!)
decide to join forces and households , having realized that
they will probably be a part of the
40% of Black women who never marry or a part of the 70% that
never successfully marry, moving both of their families into
one dwelling. If they are both working (even if only part
time), or receiving child support or welfare, this
dramatically reduces their cost of living, enables them to
divide up the household chores, enables them to have
more relaxed time with the kids for parenting, enables them
to give each other breaks from the care of the kids, gives
them a helper if they are temporarily disabled by illness,
gives them an adult companion with whom they can share their
trials and joys (Women are such good listeners!), and enables
them to achieve a higher standard of living than they could
independently. The savings and efficiencies are
increased if three or more such single moms move into a
larger dwelling with their families.

Many misunderstanding can be avoided if the single moms
involved sit down together first and reinforce their
commitments to the shared living arrangement by drawing up,
having signed and witnessed a contract that clearly spells
out each others responsibilities, privileges and
accountability in the arrangement. Of course the down side of
this is that they are sexual and affectionate beings who
will need to hug, hold and touch each other, basic human
needs. The danger of them becoming lesbians or bisexual
is greatly increased, and a factor with which they must deal
and recognize if they choose to join forces in their struggle
with life, family and work.

Sometimes these substitutes work, but many times they are
just better than nothing. Sometimes these part-time
substitutes don’t cure the empty bed blues, the absent parent
blues. Even God said it wasn’t good for people to be alone.
There are other ways of solving this problem where there is
lifetime commitment both for the parents and for their
children. There may be some value, some lessons to be
learned, some ideas worth considering in an anthropological
consideration of how other people in other cultures and
countries deal with this shortage of men who are interested
in and willing to seriously and effectively commit to
marriage. Let’s consider a few of these.

There is the Moslem solution. My Islamic and polygynist
friend R— in SE Asia shared with me that the Quran states:
“….Several times in recent years the subject of marriage
was brought up in the International Shura (Consultative
Assembly) of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The
reason was that most Communities faced the problem of
having a surplus of girls unable to find husbands. The
problem is/was of course more serious with widows and
divorcees but also exists even with unmarried virgin girls.
The fact that this subject was brought up for consultation
again and again proves that in this respect the health of the
society could be/needed to be improved. During the
Assembly the Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim
Community had inquired from various delegates whether
this problem existed in their local communities. All
representatives had to agree, with the exception of the
African representatives. As Polygamy is practiced in Africa
the communities there did not face any problems in this
respect.”

Use your find option and go to *** for the rest of the Muslim
solution.

The Old Testament Jews had a very similar practice under
the Patriarchs

OT PATRIARCHS: “. . . a man’s ‘house’ might consist of his
mother; his wives and the wives’ children; his concubines and
their children . . . and slaves of both sexes. Polygamy was
in part the cause of the large size of the Hebrew household;
in part the cause of it may be found in the insecurity of
early times, when safety lay in numbers . . . Polygyny and
bigamy were recognized features of the family life. From the
Oriental point of view there was nothing immoral in the
practice of polygamy. The female slaves were in every respect
the property of their master and became his concubines;
except in certain cases,when they seem to have belonged
exclusively to their mistress . ..At all events, polygyny was
an established and recognized institution form the earliest
times”>8 DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J. Hastings (Selbie,
Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers, 1989; p.259.

OT PATRIARCHS: “The Bible, in tolerating polygamy, gives
evidence that the practice had long been an accepted social
institution when these laws were written down. In the
patriarchal age polygamy is regarded as an unquestioned
custom. While the Bible gives a reason for the action of
Abraham in taking Hagar for an additional wife and, in the
case of Jacob, for having Rachel as a wife besides Leah, it
only proves that polygamy as well as concubinage, with which
it was always associated, was among the mores of the ancient
Hebrew people (Gen. 16:1-4; 29:23-28). . . ”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);

FOR THE REST OF THE JEWISH SOLUTION, USE YOUR FIND
OPTION AND GO TO ### .

Then there is the Christian version of this solution, with
Martin Luter as its spokesman.
REFORMATION: “In the New Testament Jesus neither condemns polygamous unions nor advocates a change in the system.From this noninterference attitude Luther, as late as the 16th cent.,arrived at the conclusion that he could not forbid the taking of more than one wife.”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;

1500’s *******Martin Luther
Martin Luther wrote in De Wette, II, p. 459, “I confess that I cannot forbid a person to marry several wives, for it does not contradict the Scripture. If a man wishes to marry more than one wife, he should be asked whether he is satisfied in his conscience that he may do so in accordance with the word of God. In such a
case, the civil authority has nothing to do in such a matter.”

1500’s: ***After Polygamy Was Made A Sin:
The Social History of Christian Polygamy
John Cairncross, 1974
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, London
¥¥¥”Phillip of Hesse felt impelled by his reverence for the sacraments to mend his first marriage by contracting a second one even while his wife was alive. And he did so with the sanction of the Fathers of the Reformation. The first palidin of German Protestantism (Phillip) was,with Luther’s and Melanchthon’s permission, a bigamist.Protestant historians have never recovered from the shock.”(pg.31) Phillip debated this issue with the Reformer’s for many years before and after his (supposedly secret) 2nd marriage. “If, he asked, it should suddenly be possible to overthrow the celibacy of the clergy, why should the institution of bigamy be a priori excluded? The only effective answer would have been that polygamy is condemned by Christian doctrine. But this was a stand that Luther and his colleagues never took – and for very good reasons. They could not. They themselves did not believe that polygamy was against divine or natural law.” (pg. 48) Luther
did state that “A Christian,before adopting polygamy, must first have a calling from God.”(pg. 49)

FOR THE REST OF THE CHRISTIAN SIDE OF THIS SOLUTION,
USE YOUR FIND OPTION TO GO TO +++.

Most single Black mothers/women would not choose this
polygyny option, preferring to remain unmarried all of their
lives —- having recreational sex, not providing a stable
male role model for their son, and not modeling a loving
husband-wife relationship for their daughters. But if a
woman’s situation necessitates it, if circumstances in the
Black community (as described above) require it, why not in
America too? In Paris France they have over 100,000
practicing polygynists, according to the New York Times.
So why not America? The Bible and the history of the
Christian movement show that you don’t have to be Islamic
to choose and practice such an option . In America, bigamy
and polygyny are illegal. Why shouldn’t ethically moral and
Biblically acceptable Christian concubinage be a viable
option for such a population (30 million Blacks in l990,
12.1% of the total USA pop.) with an obvious shortage of
marriageable stable and successful males, even in America?

Why couldn’t a wife, of any race, whose best female friend
is a Black single mom, approach her husband with the
request that they as a couple include her best friend + kids
as part of their family, with her husband becoming the
adoptive father of the kids of the single mom and becoming
husband to the single mom in concubinage (she becomes his
concubine by informal covenant and contract, in a ceremony
of their own design with the exchange of their covenants
with his wife as witness, instead of by civil or formal legal
means, since bigamy and polygamy are illegal in America).
The kids of the single mom get a committed and already
successful father figure, and the single mom gets a husband
with whom she can soul-bond and count on, plus she gets to
see her best friend a whole lot more. Real love can
overcome jealousy and envy, if they selflessly work at the
marriage, as you would have to in any marriage.

A compassionately cherishing husband, who consistently
compassionately cherishes his own wife, thus making her
very secure with him, should be able to come to his
compassionate and generous wife and ask her to
thoughtfully consider such a controversial proposal as the
following: “Darling, I’m very concerned about our Black
sister who is struggling as a single mom and having a very
hard time. I believe that the conditions in our own family
would allow us to be of considerable help to her in her
crisis.
Please think about us accepting her and her kids as part of
our family, with me as father-figure to her kids, with me as
husband to her and her as concubine to me—-with lifelong
commitments for the sake of both her and her children.” Of
course this would follow the husband and wife having
thoroughly discussing and considering the issue in general
before any specific action is taken. It would take a very
secure wife to share her husband, but compassion has
moved people to heroic and selfless actions throughout
history. The real needs of the fatherless children would be
met. The real needs of an adult female would be met, who
had been sexually loved and who may have a genuine
sexual appetite with no one to meet it in a context of soul-
bonding, commitment and genuine caring about her as a
whole person.

*You can never persuade me the single mother lifestyles
described above are better than first, a one-honorable-man-
one-wife loving and committed relationship; or second, (if
there are no honorable unmarried men willing to commit
and cherish) a one-honorable-man-one wife-one-concubine
loving and committed relationship. My Black play-sister
Elaine told me the easiest thing to get, for her as a Black
female, is a hard dick and a panting male. I asked how easy
it was to find a male who would commit maritally and
honorably to her and her well being, for life. She got real
quiet and acknowledged how rare it was to find such an
honorable man. Given the choices of no sex, lesbianism, sex
without commitment and polygyny, she said it was
something to seriously consider.

The “sister sororities” described above, where two or three
Black “sisters”have gone in together on their housing, chores
and common expenses, if they were wise enough to go into
contract with each other for this joint effort, would do well
to
have a clause in such a contract to prevent conflict,
rivalry,
bitterness and jealousy if one of them meets an honorable man
who is willing to commit to her. Ideally, if they have
achieved
that rare unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace in Christ
Jesus,
the one who becomes involved with an honorable man and
moves with her to commitment, that one could at least ask her
man of commitment to prayerfully consider bringing her
“sorority sisters” into their union as concubines, exhibiting
the same magnanimous Spirit that Solomon’s “black as a
raven” Shulamite exhibited including her sister-wives and
concubines in the Bible’s Song of Solomon. It is understood
and admitted that such a kind, unselfish and generous Spirit
is possible only in and by the Lord. The alternative is
every
“sister” being out for herself, the winner taking the spoils,
and
the losers becoming spinsters. I believe the Shulamite’s way
is the nobler, the more blessed, and the most beautiful in
Love.

*Since we, as humans, are basically selfish, most of us would
not be inclined to participate in a polygynous marriage,
especially today’s modern woman. Most of the 40% of Black
women who never marry don’t want to marry unless they can
have it
their own way, which would not include sharing a husband.
Broad is the way that leads to family self-destruction and
many there be that go that way; but narrow is the way to
family-salvation and a remnant few that are willing to do
almost anything to save their children (especially their
sons), their moral integrity and their feminine virtue will
make the hard decisions necessary. Some will find other
ways (support groups, counseling, a benevolent male
friend) to be the firm but loving and supportive mothers
they need to be, a few will be open to the polygyny option,
whether Christian, Jew or Moslem.

—————————
Polygyny is still practiced in most of the Third World and in
all Moslem nations although many in the Third World do it
privately and secretly because of anti polygyny laws that
have been forced on them by the United
Nations. This has greatly undermined the role and status of
women in the Third World countries to the advantage of men
and the disadvantage of women. Many of the polygynous wives
in China, SE Asia, India and Africa were
either dumped and and abandoned with their children, or they
were reduced to the status of mistresses, who have no legal
rights for themselves or their children.

Even though polygyny is illegal in the West, including the
USA, there are polygynous communities that practice their
polygyny “off the record”, unofficially, privately and
discretely, many in obedience to the principles stated in
the following PARAPHRASE [bracket items are mine]:
Romans 14:20 For the sake of [polygyny] do not destroy the work of God. All things [including
polygyny] indeed are pure; but it is evil to that woman who [becomes polygynous] while
stumbling [in sin] because of her doubts about its rightness. 21 It is right not to [take a
second wife], nor [take a third wife], nor do anything in which thy brother [or sister] stumbles
[striking the toe of one’s conscience against an obstacle inducing one to sin by
acting in doubt], or is offended [ or stumbles or is enticed to act without faith or
think unfavourably or unjustly of another and so displesed and indignant], or is
made weak [morally feeble, without strength, powerless]. 22 Have you faith [to believe
polygyny is right and so practice it]? Have that conviction to yourself before God. Blessed is
the one who does not judge oneself in what [belief or practice of polygyny] one allows [with a
firm and convinced faith in its rightness]. 23 But one that doubts [about the rightness of
polygyny], if [that] one [becomes polygynous], [that one] is condemned; because that one
became polygynous not because of faith [in its rightness]; but whatever [behavior or thought
does not originate from] faith [in its rightness before God] is sin.
15:1 ¶ But *we* ought, we that are strong [in our polygynous beliefs], to bear the infirmities of the weak [in this aspect of the faith], and not to please ourselves. 2 Let each one of us please his neighbour with a view to what is good, to edification. 3 For the Christ also did not please himself;

Some are Mormons, Reformed Mormons, Catholics,
and some are Protestant Christians. The five American
“wives” of an American polygynist posted the following
recently on one of their web sites:
10. Polygamy is great for women because:
For every 100 women of young marriageable age, there are only
70 men.
9. Polygamy is great for women because:
By age 45, for every 100 available men, there are over 200
single women.
8. Polygamy is great for women because:
Unattached women compete with other women, to their
detriment, for a chance at the marriage lottery.
7. Polygamy is great for women because:
Divorce is the only other available solution of providing
husbands and fathers for the surplus of women.
6. Polygamy is great for women because:
The newly divorced woman is susceptible to the predatory
single man. Polygamy offers a marriage alternative.
5. Polygamy is great for women because:
An alternative to single loneliness, fatherless children, and
increasing violence and juvenile crime.
4. Polygamy is great for women because:
There are too many homes where the father is absent, 10
million! of them.
3. Polygamy is great for women because:
There are too many children growing up without a father, 50%
of them.
2. Polygamy is great for women because:
As a society, we reap the results of fatherlessness, as is
evident in the increased crime rate.
1. NUMBER ONE REASON POLYGAMY IS GREAT FOR WOMEN:
The familiar line, “all the good men are taken,” won’t be
valid anymore because the good men can be shared

My large file below explores and discusses the way that this
Christian polygyny, or concubinage, can be legally practiced
in
America today. For the documentation that this polygyny
option is a Judeo-Christian option in line with fundamental,
evangelical, orthodox and dispensational Christianity please
obtain the older document from

Here are summaries of some articles dealing with the
subjects of Blacks and polygamy.
————————————————————-
———-
TITLE: Can Mr. Mombasa Keep All his Wives?
AUTHOR: Tim Stafford
SOURCE: Christianity Today, 35:33-34 Feb 11, 1991
This article deals with a conflict in the Christian church in
Kenya, wheremany blacks who are converted have several
wives. Originally the churchwould not baptize them, but
allowed them to participate in the church.Later, the church
and some members broke away from their leadership and
began baptizing black polygamous men.

————————————————————-
———–
TITLE: Thinking the unthinkable: man-sharing: a startling
report from those who do, don’t, will, won’t.
AUTHOR: Laura B. Randolph
SOURCE: Ebony 46:136+, Jan 1991
The book Man Sharing: Dilemma or Choice, by Audrey
Chapman, says that man sharing is common in the black
community. This article discusses the emotional impact of
man-sharing on black women, and says that many black
women do chose this life-style because of the shortage of
black men.
————————————————————-
———–
TITLE: Shortage of Black Men may Force Alternative to
Traditional Family
SOURCE: Jet 69:33, Feb 3, 1986
This article discusses the shortage of single, employed black
men, and suggests that women may have to consider
polygamy as an alternative.
————————————————————-
———–
TITLE: Woman Leader Sparks Furor about Polygamy
Saving Black Families
SOURCE: Jet 69: 38-39 Feb 17, 1986
Hortense G. Canady, who is the leader of Sigma Theta
Sorority, has created a controversy by stating that black
women may have to live polygamy because of the shortage
of marriagable black men in the community.
————————————————————-
***THE MOSLEM SOLUTION

There is the Moslem solution. My Islamic and polygynist
friend Rafiq in SE Asia shared with me that the Quran states:
“….Several times in recent years the subject of marriage
was brought up in the International Shura (Consultative
Assembly) of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The
reason was that most Communities faced the problem of
having a surplus of girls unable to find husbands. The
problem is/was of course more serious with widows and
divorcees but also exists even with unmarried virgin girls.
The fact that this subject was brought up for consultation
again and again proves that in this respect the health of the
society could be/needed to be improved. During the
Assembly the Head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim
Community had inquired from various delegates whether
this problem existed in their local communities. All
representatives had to agree, with the exception of the
African representatives. As Polygamy is practiced in Africa
the communities there did not face any problems in this
respect.”

“As many Hadith (sayings of the Holy Prophet Mohammad
(peace be on him) show it is of course a great blessing to
marry widows and divorcees.. . .”
“And if you fear that you will not be fair in dealing with
the orphans, then marry of women as may be agreeable to you,
two, or three, or four; and if you fear you will not be able
to deal justly, then marry only one or what your right hands
possess. That is the nearest way for you to avoid injustice.”
(Sura 4 verse 4).”

Rafiq continues:”Sura 4:4 mentions the welfare of orphans.
To elaborate a bit further we can say that Sura 4:4 deals
with the welfare of the society. Polygamy therefore should
be encouraged when the welfare of the society demands it.∑

“Another aspect of Sura 4:4 is that it mentions polygamy as
a natural way of life. It does NOT start with ‘marry ONE,
or two, or three or four’ but it already starts with ‘marry
two…’ From this fact it can be clearly deducted that
polygamy is considered rather the norm and not the
exception. One reason therefore to seek to practice
polygamy may be to fulfill the personal purposes of
marriage as mentioned above. However, another aspect
would be to contribute to the health of the society as a
whole.”

“Most of the prophets of the bible have several wives
[Abraham, Jacob, Jacob’s sons, Moses, Gideon, David,
Solomon, King Joash]. Islam is in fact the only religion who
has LIMITED polygamy to only four permitted wives. This
in order to facilitate the first rule of polygamy in Islam:
the equal treatment of all wives.”
—————————-

### THE REST OF THE JEWISH SOLUTION
ESAU+++++++++++++++++++++++++
Ge 36:2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan: Adah
the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter
of Anah, daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, . . . . 6 And Esau
took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the
souls of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and
all his possessions, that he had acquired in the land of
Canaan, and went into a country away from his brother Jacob.
Ge 28:9 And Esau went to Ishmael, and took, besides the wives
that he had, Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham’s son,
the sister of Nebaioth, to be his wife.

JACOB’S FOUR WIVES+++++++++++++++++++++
Ge 37:2 These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being
seventeen years old, fed the flock with his brethren; and he
was doing service with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons
of Zilpah, his father’s wives. And Joseph brought to his
father an evil report of them.
Ge 30:26 Give me my wives [, Rachel and Leah][for whom I
have served thee, and my children; that I may go away, for
thou knowest my service which I have served thee.
Ge 31:17 And Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives
upon camels,

ABRAHAM++++++++++++++++++++++++
Ge 16:1 And Sarai Abram’s wife did not bear him children. And
she had an Egyptian maidservant; and her name was Hagar. . .
.3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar, the Egyptian, her
maidservant, at the end of ten years that Abram had dwelt in
the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram, as his
wife.

LAMECH+++++++++++++++++++
Ge 4:19 And Lemech took two wives: the name of the one was
Adah, and the name of the second, Zillah. . . . 23 And Lemech
said to his wives: Adah and Zillah, hear my voice, Ye wives
of Lemech, listen to my speech. For I have slain a man for my
wound, and a youth for my bruise.

The Old Testament Jews had a very similar practice under
the Moses, the Law and the Judges

OT JUDGES:”The relative positions of wives and concubines
were determined mainly by the husband’s favour. The children
of the wife claimed the greater part, or the whole, of the
inheritance; otherwise there does not seem to have been any
inferiority in the position of the concubine as compared with
that of the wife, nor was any idea of illegitimacy, in our
sense of the word, connected with her children. . . . The
female slaves were in every respect the property of their
master, and became his concubines; except in certain cases,
when they seem to have belonged exclusively to their
mistress, and could not be appropriated by the man except by
her suggestion or consent(Gn16:2,3). The slave-concubines
were obtained as booty in time of war (Jg 5:30), or bought
from poverty-stricken parents (Ex 21:7);or,possibly, in the
ordinary slave traffic with foreign nations.” >12
[Footnote: >12. DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J. Hastings
(Selbie,Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers, 1989;
p.259.]

OT Law and the Prophets: CONCUBINAGE, “Refers to the
cohabitation of a man and a woman without sanction of legal
marriage. Specifically, concubinage is a form of polygyny in
which the primary matrimonial relationship is supplemented by
one or more secondary sexual relationships. Concubinage was a
legally sanctioned and socially acceptable practice in
ancient cultures,including that of the Hebrews; concubines,
however, were denied the protection to which a legal wife was
entitled”.
[Footnote: >27 1986, Funk & Wagnalls NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA.]

THE LEVITE AND HIS CONCUBINE——-
JUDGES 19:1 ¶ And it came to pass in those days, when there
was no king in Israel, that a certain Levite, sojourning on
the further side of mount Ephraim, took him a concubine out
of Bethlehem-Judah. 2 And his concubine played the whore
against him, and went away from him to her father’s house to
Bethlehem-Judah, and was there some time, –four months. 3
And her husband rose up and went after her, to speak kindly
to her, to bring her again;

OT Law and the Prophets: Eerdmans’ Douglas’ New Bible
Dictionary: “Concubine. A secondary wife acquired by purchase
or as a war captive, and allowed in polygamous society such
as existed in the Middle east in biblical times….Where
marriages produced no heir, wives presented a slave concubine
too their husbands in order to raise an heir (Gen.
16).Handmaidens, given as a marriage gift, were often
concubines(Gen.29:24,29). Concubines were protected under
Mosaic law (Exod.21:7-
11; Dt. 21:10-14), though they were distinguished from
wives(Jdg.8:31) and were more easily divorced (Gen.21:10-14)”
[Footnote: >26 IVCF, Editor J.D.Douglas; 1962,W. B. Eerdmans
Publishing.]

OT Law and the Prophets: “. . Elkanah, the husband of Hannah
and Peninnah, is an interesting example of a man of no
particular position who nevertheless had more than one
wife;this may be an indication that bigamy, at least, if not
polygamy, was not confined to the very wealthy and exalted.
At all events, polygyny was an established and recognized
institution from the earliest of times.”>39[Footnote: >39.
DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J. Hastings(Selbie, Lambert,
Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers, 1989;p.259.]

HANNAH++++++++++++++
1 SAM. 1: 1 ¶ And there was a certain man of Ramathaim-
zophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son
of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of
Zuph, an Ephrathite. 2 And he had two wives: the name of the
one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah; and
Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

GIDEON++++++++++++
JUDGES 8: 29 ¶ And Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and dwelt
in his house. 30 Now Gideon had seventy sons who had come out
of his loins, for he had many wives. 31 And his concubine
that was in Shechem, she also bore him a son, and he gave him
the name of Abimelech.

OT Law and the Prophets: “Polygamy was such a well
established part of the social system that Mosaic law is not
even critical of it. . . . .the high priest could have only
one wife and that a king in Israel should not have too many
wives (Lev. 21:13; Deut. 17:17;Ex. 21:10). . . . ”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);

OT TALMUD: “According to the Talmud the right to a plurality
of wives is conceded, but the number of legitimate wives, as
in the Koran, is limited to four. The taking of additional
wives is held as sufficient ground for divorce for a woman
who had previously been the sole wife. Where a polygamous
union exists, provision must be made for adequate maintenance
of each wife as well as a separate domicile. Throughout the
Talmudic age not one rabbi is known to have had more than one
wife. Monogamy was held to be the only ideal legal union;
plurality of wives was a concession to time and condition.”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive
Sociology;
Lay, Wilfrid, A Plea for Monogamy (1923)

Deut. 21:15 ∫ “If a man have two wives, one beloved, and one
hated, and they have borne him children, [both] the beloved
and the hated, and [if] the first-born son be hers that was
hated; 16 then it shall be, in the day that he makes his sons
to inherit [that]which he has, [that] he may not make the son
of the beloved first-born before the son of the hated, who is
the first-born; 17 but he shall acknowledge as first-born the
son of the hated, by giving him a double portion of all that
he has; for he is the first fruits of his strength: the right
of the firstborn is his.”

“What about Ex. 21:7-9? It was expected that the female slave
would become her master’s wife or concubine, or become the
wife or concubine of her master’s son, and the law protected
her rights if he was unwilling to do so.>16. Her owner could
not sell her to foreigners because he had “trifled” with her
(see LXX), “seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.”>17.
[Footnotes:>16. Please see the discussion in THE
INTERNATIONAL BIBLE COMMENTARY; p.126ff & p.172ff.; >17. Ex.
21:8; The Holy Scriptures according to the Masoretic Text].

EXODUS 20:22 ∫ And Jehovah said to Moses, Thus shalt thou say
to the children of Israel: Ye have seen that I have spoken
with you from the heavens. . . . 21:1 ∫ And these are the
judgments which thou shalt set before them. . . . 7 “And if a
man sells his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go
out as the men servants do. 8 If she does not please her
master, who has betrothed her to himself,then he shall let
her be redeemed. He shall have no power to sell her to a
strange nation, since he has dealt deceitfully with her. 9
And if he has betrothed her to his son, he shall deal with
her as with daughters. 10 If he takes himself another [wife],
her food, her clothing, and her duty of marriage shall not be
lessened. 11 And if he does not do these three to her, then
she shall go out free without money.”

The Old Testament Jews had a very similar practice under
the Kings of Israel ——————————–

OT Kings:The marriage figure applied to the union of God and Israel. . . ..implied monogamy as the ideal state. Polygamy is, in fact,always an unnatural development from the point of view both to religion and of anthropology; ‘monogamy is by far the most common form of human marriage; it was so also amongst the ancient peoples
of whom we have any direct knowledge’ (Westermarck, Hum. Marr.p.459). Being, however, apparently legalized, and having the advantage of precedent, it was long before polygamy was formally forbidden in Hebrew society >n130 , though practically it fell into disuse; the feeling of the Rabbis was strongly against it.”>n131[Footnotes:>.n129 Always? What about the divorce statistics in our modern and monogamous America? Also, Solomon and the Shulamite seemed to have a great
deal of domestic happiness in their polygamy according to the Song of Solomon 6. >.n130″Polygamy was not definitely forbidden among the Jews till the time of R. Gershom (c. A.d. 1000), and then at first only for France and Germany. In Spain, Italy,m and the East it persisted for some time longer, as it does still among the Jews in Mohammedan counties”. DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J. Hastings (Selbie,Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers, 1989;p.584.>..n131 Loc Cit
Dictionary of the Bible, Hastings: pp. 583-587.]

OT Kings: “The gradual evolution in the OT of monogamy as the ideal is therefore of the highest interest. The earliest codes attempt in various ways to regulate the custom of polygyny. The Deut. code in particular actually forbids kings to multiply wives (Dt 17.17); this is the fruit, apparently of the experience of Solomon’s reign.”>n133[Footnote: >.n133 DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J. Hastings(Selbie, Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers, 1989;p.259..]

OT KINGS: God’s Law forbade a king from “multiplying”wives>.75 to himself without making such a command to we non kings. It appears from later scripture about Godly and God blessed kings of Israel that God makes a distinction between MULTIPLYING wives & horses to yourself and adding wives & horses to yourself. None of us object to King David having more than one horse but many object to King David having more than one wife, yet it is the same command”he shall not multiply hoses . . . wives to himself.” By 2 Samuel 5-12 God had “given” him seven wives plus a
number of concubines.We see His implied blessing on David’s polygyny . This implied blessing of his polygyny would have to mean that David, with concubines and seven wives, had not yet violated the prohibition against a king multiplying wives and horses to himself.[Footnotes:>75 De 17:15 “You shall only set him king over you whom Jehovah your God will choose: from among your brethren shall you set a king over you; . . . 16 Only he shall not multiply horses to himself, . . . 17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself,that his heart turn not away; neither
shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.” NO PROHIBITION FROM HAVING SOME HORSES , SOME WIVES and some gold]

OT Kings: “Polygamy meets us as a fact: e.g. Abraham, Jacob,the Judges,David, Solomon; 1 Ch 7:4 is evidence of its prevalence in Issachar;Elkanah (1 Sam.1:1ff) is significant as belonging to the middle class;Jehoida (2 Ch 24:3) as a priest. . .Legislation . . . safe guarded the rights of various wives, slave or free; and according to the Rabbinical interpretation of Lv 21:13>40. . . .the high priest
was not allowed to be a bigamist. . . The marriage figure applied to the union of God and Israel . . . implied monogamy as the ideal state. . . ”
[Footnote: (>.(40. Septuagint Lev. 21:13 “He shall take for a wife a virgin of his own tribe.”. .>41. DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J.Hastings (Selbie, Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers,1989; p.583ff.]

JEHOIDA AND JOASH++++++++++++++++
2 CHRON 24:1 ¶ Joash was seven years old when he began to reign; and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba. 2 And Joash did what was right in the sight of Jehovah all the days of Jehoiada the priest. 3 And Jehoiada took for him two wives; and he begot sons and daughters.

JEHORAM++++++++++++
2 CHRON 21:12 ¶ And there came a writing to him from Elijah the prophet saying, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of David thy father: Because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat thy father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah, . . .14 behold, Jehovah will smite with a great stroke thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, and all thy substance,

ABIJAH+++++++++
2 CHRON 13: 20 And Jeroboam did not recover strength again in the days of Abijah; and Jehovah smote him, and he died. 21 But Abijah strengthened himself, and took fourteen wives, and begot twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters. 22 And the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and his sayings, are written in the treatise of the prophet Iddo.

AHAB++++++++++++++
1 KINGS 20: 1 ¶ And Ben-Hadad king of Syria assembled all his host; and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots; and he went up and besieged Samaria, and fought against it. 2 And he sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel into the city, and said to him, Thus says Ben-Hadad: 3 Thy silver and thy gold is mine; thy wives also and thy children, the goodliest, are mine. . . 7 And the king of Israel called all the elders of the land and said, Mark, I pray you, and see how this man seeks mischief; for he sent to me for my wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I denied him not. 8 And all the
elders and all the people said to him, Hearken not, nor consent

REHOBOAM+++++++++++++++
1 CHRON 11:17 And they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong three years; for during three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon. 18 And Rehoboam took Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David as wife, and of Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse. 19 And she bore him children: Jeush, and Shemariah, and Zaham. 20 And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; and she bore him Abijah, and Attai, and
Ziza, and Shelomith. 21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines; for he had taken eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and he begot twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.

SOLOMON’S SIN OF MARRYING UNBELIEVERS
1 KINGS 11:4 And it came to pass when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away
his heart after other gods; and his heart was not perfect with Jehovah his God, as
the heart of David his father. 5 And Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of
the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 6 And Solomon
did evil in the sight of Jehovah, and followed not fully Jehovah, as David his
father. 7 Then did Solomon build a high place for Chemosh the abomination of the
Moabites, on the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of
the children of Ammon. 8 And so he did for all his foreign wives, who burned
incense and sacrificed to their gods.

DAVID+++++++++++++
1 Chron. 3: 1 ¶ And these are the sons of David, who were
born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the
Jizreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;
2 the third, Absalom the son of Maachah, daughter of Talmai
king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; 3
the fifth, Shephatiah of Abital; the sixth, Ithream, of Eglah
his wife: 4 six were born to him in Hebron. And there he
reigned seven years and six months. And in Jerusalem he
reigned thirty-three years. 5 And these were born to him in
Jerusalem: Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four,
of Bath-shua the daughter of Ammiel; 6 and Ibhar, and
Elishama, and Eliphelet, 7 and Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
8 and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine: 9 all were
sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar
was their sister.

———————-

THE REST OF THE CHRISTIAN SOLUTION

The Old Testament Jews had a very similar practice during the
period of the exile of Israel, and during the time that
Jesus and the Apostles were walking on the earth in Israel.

APOSTOLIC TIMES: “In Roman law, marriage was precisely defined as monogamous; concubinage was tolerated, but the concubine’s status was inferior to that of a legal wife. Her children had certain rights, including support by the father and legitimacy in the event of the marriage of the parents”.
[Footnote: >27 1986, Funk & Wagnalls NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA.]

APOSTOLIC TIMES: In the Second Commonwealth polygamy is far from general (cf. To bit and Susanna). Yet it survived far into the Christian era. In the New Testament Jesus neither condemns polygamous unions nor advocates a change in the system.”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;
Lay, Wilfrid, A Plea for Monogamy (1923)

APOSTOLIC TIMES: “Herod had nine wives at once. . .Its possibility is implied by the technical continuance of the Levirate law, [Deut. 25:5-10] and is proved by the early interpretation of 1 Ti 3, whether correct or not. Justin reproaches the Jews of his day [A.D.] with having ‘four or even five wives,’and marrying ‘as they wish, or as many as they wish.’ The evidence of the Talmud shows that in this case at least the reproach had some foundation. “>41.
[Footnote: (>.(40. Septuagint Lev. 21:13 “He shall take for a wife a virgin of his own tribe.”. .>41. DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, J.Hastings (Selbie, Lambert, Mathews), Hendrickson Publishers,1989;p.583ff.]

JEHOVAH AND HIS TWO WIVES+++++++++++
EZEK 23: 1 ¶ And the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, there were two women, daughters of one mother. 3 And they committed whoredom in Egypt; they committed whoredom in their youth: there were their breasts pressed, and there were handled the teats of their virginity. 4 And their names were Oholah the elder, and Oholibah her sister; and they were mine, and they bore sons and daughters. As for their names: Samaria is Oholah, and Jerusalem Oholibah. 5 And Oholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she lusted after her lovers, after the Assyrians her neighbours, . . . . .

OT POST EXILE:”However, if polygamy was not forbidden it was not directly sanctioned. It was a heritage from the past and it was left undisturbed. . . . In the Second Commonwealth polygamy is far from general (cf. To bit and Susanna).”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;
Lay, Wilfrid, A Plea for Monogamy (1923)———————

The European Christians during the time of Martin Luther and
the Reformation had a very similar practice.

EUROPEAN ROYALTY: “In modern Europe polygamy disappeared from Jewish domestic life while among Christians it remained a tolerated privilege of royalty until very late times. . . . ”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;
Lay, Wilfrid, A Plea for Monogamy (1923)

1650’s:¥¥¥Milton, author of Paradise Lost, wrote a manuscript in the 1650s, “Da Doctrina”, a lengthy theological document. It was lost until 1825, when it was discovered and translated, creating a pre-Victorian uproar in London.The famous author had dared to justify polygamy! His arguments are lucid and concise: ” Polygamy is prohibited to no one, even under the gospel.” Milton “administers the coup degrade to his opponents when he observed that God himself (in Ezekiel 23:4) represents Himself as having `espoused two wives’ which would have been
unthinkable had `the practice been dishonourable or shameful’. On the contrary, he maintains,polygamy is `lawful and honourable’.” (pg.129, ***After Polygamy Was Made A Sin:The Social History of Christian Polygamy John Cairncross, 1974 Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd,London)

REFORMATION: “In the New Testament Jesus neither condemns polygamous unions nor advocates a change in the system.From this noninterference attitude Luther, as late as the 16th cent.,arrived at the conclusion that he could not forbid the taking of more than one wife.”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;

The Bible, Centuries 2Th through 2Th AD and Polygyny

1500’s: ***After Polygamy Was Made A Sin:
The Social History of Christian Polygamy
John Cairncross, 1974
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, London
¥¥¥The Italian Ochino, a Franciscan until the age of 55, was a fiery orator, and a “man distinguished by the sanctity of his life, of a vast culture, venerable, white-haired, and tall, of a majestic bearing”. It was only when Ochino left the Catholic church and “fled to Switzerland where he becamea Calvinist that the move towards Anabaptism began”. (pg.65-66) He wrote a
brilliant thesis on polygamy that was “effervescent, witty, and convincing.” He was eventually exiled for his teachings, along with his four children, during winter 1563, by the City Fathers of Zurich. Three of his children died as a result. (Chapter 4)

REFORMATION: “In the New Testament Jesus neither condemns polygamous unions nor advocates a change in the system.From this noninterference attitude Luther, as late as the 16th cent.,arrived at the conclusion that he could not forbid the taking of more than one wife.”
CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN—————–Bibliography:
Abrahams, 1., Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1917);
Westermarck, E., History of Human Marriage (1901);
Spencer, H., Principles of Sociology idem, Descriptive Sociology;

1500’s *******Martin Luther
Martin Luther wrote in De Wette, II, p. 459, “I confess that I cannot forbid a person to marry several wives, for it does not contradict the Scripture. If a man wishes to marry more than one wife, he should be asked whether he is satisfied in his conscience that he may do so in accordance with the word of God. In such a
case, the civil authority has nothing to do in such a matter.”

1500’s: ***After Polygamy Was Made A Sin:
The Social History of Christian Polygamy
John Cairncross, 1974
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, London
¥¥¥”Phillip of Hesse felt impelled by his reverence for the sacraments to mend his first marriage by contracting a second one even while his wife was alive. And he did so with the sanction of the Fathers of the Reformation. The first palidin of German Protestantism (Phillip) was,with Luther’s and Melanchthon’s permission, a bigamist.Protestant historians have never recovered from the shock.”(pg.31) Phillip debated this issue with the Reformer’s for many years before and after his (supposedly secret) 2nd marriage. “If, he asked, it should suddenly be possible to overthrow the celibacy of the clergy, why should the institution of bigamy be a priori excluded? The only effective answer would have been that polygamy is condemned by Christian doctrine. But this was a stand that Luther and his colleagues never took – and for very good reasons. They could not. They themselves did not believe that polygamy was against divine or natural law.” (pg. 48) Luther
did state that “A Christian,before adopting polygamy, must first have a calling
from God.”(pg. 49)

1500’s: ***After Polygamy Was Made A Sin:
The Social History of Christian Polygamy
John Cairncross, 1974
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, London
¥¥¥Thus it was that in 1534, the “German city of Munster proclaimed polygamy as the ideal form of marriage. The event is unique in the history of Christian Europe, and the reaction to this announcement explains why the experiment was never repeated. For it was greeted with a unanimous revulsion and horror.”(pg.1)

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